Security Council (SC)
Oliver Remans, Stedelijk Gymnasium Haarlem
Katrin Haliash, The Britisch School in The Netherlands
The United Nations Security Council is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, established in 1945. Like the UN as a whole, the Security Council was created following the events of World War II to address the failings of another international organization, the League of Nations, in maintaining world peace. In the beginning, the UN was mostly disabled by the Cold War division between the US and USSR and their respective allies. The first meeting of the SC was held on the 17th of January 1946. It is the responsibility of the Security Council to maintenance international peace and security. The Security Council of 2018 consists of the following member states: Bolivia, China, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, France, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Russian Federation, the Netherlands, Peru, Poland, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United states. The SC has five permanent members (China, Russian Federation, France, United Kingdom and The United States of America) and ten non-permanent members, elected by the General Assembly for a two-year term. Meetings are called at any given time when the need arises. The Security Council determines the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a debate to settle it by peaceful means. The Security Council can utilize the enforcement of sanctions or even authorize the use of force to preserve or restore international peace and security. The Security Council is a double delegation Ad Hoc-committee, in which every member state has one vote, but in which the P5 (China, Russian Federation, France, United Kingdom and The United States of America) have veto powers.